Depression is a severe condition that’s caused by changes in hormone levels, stress, certain medical conditions, difficult life circumstances or grief. It is more than feeling ‘down’. The WHO characterises this illness as a disabling disorder in the globe, affecting about 1 in 5 women and 1 in 10 men at some point in their life. Depression doesn’t discriminate. Men & women of all age, social & economic background, and educational level suffer from this. Friendships, careers, marriage, parenting, finances – every aspect of living is compromised by it. It’s impact is also severe especially when it occurs in combination with medical conditions like stroke, diabetes, anxiety, substance abuse or cardiovascular disease.
According to researchers in NSW, in comparison to men women suffer more from depression. Women are in fact 2 or 3 times more at risk to suffer from depression in their adolescence period and as adult than men.
But why are women more at risk?
There are several factors, which contribute to increase the risk. Biology is one of then. It is thus the hormonal changes that cause women to be more at risk than men. Women experience deep hormonal fluctuations in various stages of their life like menopause, puerperium and puberty leading to increased risk. Cultural and social factors also play an important role. Thus retirement, taking on different roles, a lack of social support, a poor relation with partner, being a caregiver etc. are also some of the causes that contribute to the increased risk.
Risky moments in a life of a woman
Menopause, puerperium and puberty involve intense hormonal fluctuations in women and significant changes in roles as well as identities at the same time. All these changes may not an easy thing for all women to adapt to. Some women may even experience stress and difficulties in life because of genetical and personal predisposition when dealing with such changes. A certain kind of depression called premenstrual dysphoric disorder is even a condition that’s often noticed in women before menstruation.
How to deal with a depressive disorder?
Discussed above are the specific moments when women are more prone to develop a depressive disorder. If you see any of near or dear ones showing up depressive signs, get him or her treated immediately. Consult with a psychologist in Bondi and give the support needed. Psychotherapy or/and psychiatric support are very much recommended. Medications and lifestyle changes are also of great help.